What is exactly sustainable development ?
Basically this term is about three intertwined things (see left): the environment, the society and the economy. This is written with a decreasing order of importance .
In this article, I will provide you with some data on this term that is more and more used nowadays, and also a bit abusively.
Some basic stuff on historical aspects :
We owe the increasing use of this term to a Norwegian woman working for the United Nations, Gro Harlem Brundtland. In 1987 she published after four years of work an eponymous report, also referred to as Our Common Future. In this report, a great definition of sustainable development was given :
“Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising
the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
This work encompassed some topics seen as vital for both Humankind as a species and for Nature : “Population and human resources, food security, species and ecosystems, energy, industrial development, and urbanization”. I suggest you read this page if you want a more profound understanding of sustainable development.
If you want to read Our common future, you can buy it as it was published in a 400-pages book. You can also read it on your computer for free there.
My opinion :
Most governments have only one word in their mind : the economy. To them the remaining parts are unimportant. In fact it is the exact opposite that is true. Indeed, without the environment, or in a highly degraded one, the society begins to crumble and might even fall. And with the society comes the economy.
That was the case of several societies of the past. The book from Jared Diamond was about this very topic and I discovered while reading it that the Vikings, the Mayas and the Anasazi (among others) faced environmental issues and that failing to solve them lead them to collapse.
According to various authors I read in the previous months (like Jean-Marc Jancovici [Fr] and James Lovelock) a full scale climate change won’t kill Mankind as a whole but the civilizations that constitute it. Not really a bright prospect…
As you can see, I believe after documenting myself for months that the economy is the culminating point of a successful society and a well protected environment. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is thus a bad index for world leaders.
So, are we heading toward a more sustainable development ?
After having written more than 300 articles, I can say that we are heading in the exact opposite direction than sustainable development. Indeed :
- more and more people are underfed and greenhouse gases emissions are still rising ;
- biodiversity is largely threatened (this already cost us a lot of money) ;
- we are using natural resources at an accelerated speed ;
- our oceans and seas are more and more polluted ;
- and even worse, most of our leaders don’t seem to be aware of the situation or are at best mild about their obligations !
All these facts are showing it all too clearly : 20 years later after the Brundtland report, some still don’t give a damn about sustainable development and future generations.
Will this change ? Do we still have time ? After writing this article, I understand more why James Lovelock is thinking more about a sustainable retreat than a sustainable development.
To infer on a more optimistic note after such a dark enumeration of facts, I have to mention
- the leaders that are willing to solve this mess,
- a fantastic project to reforest our planet,
- the boom in renewable energies,
- and how some countries are moving forward to solve their own problems (namingly Australia and China)…
Which side will win ? The sustainable one or the business as usual one ? What do you think ?